What is the meaning of it? It is defined as a set of legal norms and a metaphor. The policy and research in the field of health sciences is also part of global health. Global health is a forming agenda for smart thinking and deed.
What is Global Health?
Koplan and his colleagues define global health in a very easy way. They distinguish between these three features such as global, worldwide, and communal health. Despite that still, widespread confusion exist among these three terms. International health, which focuses on health issues like infectious diseases, maternal and child health especially in low-income countries, whereas the term international health is used for global health.
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Some expert views international health as public health problems and challenges that affect low-income people. International health also refers to the involvement of countries in international organizations like WHO through their respective departments.
Public health is made to take care of the public in health issues. And the difference or comparison between international health and public health is that public health is involved in global health and this is for the public good. The global health system consists of issues related to governance, health care financing, and human resources for public health.
The main purpose of the global health system is to improve the health of all people by eliminating pandemic diseases, disabilities, etc. It can be achieved by taking disease prevention measures. After understanding global health etc, you need to know the global healthcare management program. This program includes the expertise of health, social care, leadership, and management of midwifery, etc.
The issues related to global health are described below in detail
At initial to know what are the biggest challenges faced by international health officialdoms. |Here are some important issues that need to know.
Pandemics are global disease outbreaks. There is no boundary for pandemic diseases. In recent years, the important examples of pandemic disease are HIV, influenza, severe acute respiratory syndrome, Ebola, COVID-19, and other viral threats to the human being. The virus generally originated from animals and was caught by people around them.
The pandemic issue is still not solved, every year human beings face a new type of virus. It is a frank submission that no medicine is available to prevent people from these viruses. The problem of the pandemic is yet to be solved. This can only be somewhat solved by cutting off from the source of the virus or areas of disease.
- Environmental factors:
The environmental issue is a growing challenge. Climate change and air pollution are of great concern related to public health issues. The issue that arises is how these are related to public health issues. The answer is the sanitation and water sources available for human being. These two challenges are a big concern with public health. The epidemic or pandemic always spread from these two problems.
We know that storms, flooding, drought, air pollution are the main causes of the spread of diseases among large groups of local people. This causes sanitation problems and water becomes polluted. The immediate solution is only to provide these disrupted people with bottled water, sanitation technology, and education on how to remain safe and clean.
But in the global health program, these environmental challenges must be minimized to prevent the people. Climate change can affect human health badly. The first step is the legislation and policies by the government to protect the environment and encourage the industry toward environmentally-conscious practices. These changes may cause profound health benefits for those who are living in urban areas. The population in the urban side is about 50% in the world.
- Economic Disparities and access to health care:
In many countries, women are facing severe health issues because of sexually transmitted diseases. This causes also an increase in child death. These issues can be eliminated by reducing economic disparities in basic health education. It is proposed that to meet these challenges global health experts or professionals must explore opportunities to uplift the economic and social status of oppressed communities in public health. The government must form such policies and ensure to provide health facilities in underdeveloped areas of the country. The government needs to sort by taking action for increasing the access of poor people to basic health care facilities.
- Political Factors:
Many under developing countries of the world have political disturbances. The conflicts among groups of people within the country or conflict with the neighbouring country can destroy the infrastructure for the supply chain of water, food, transportation and sanitation system, etc. Because of this political conflicts aggravate the vulnerability of people to diseases. Migration of people increases the openness to disease among the refugees. The migration of people on large scale creates a human crisis.
- Non-communicable diseases:
We have discussed the epidemic and pandemic diseases that are widely spread among people. Besides these there are some other diseases like heart disease, stroke, cancer and diabetes, etc which are known as non-communicable diseases, causes around 70% death worldwide. These diseases are related to genetic, physiological, and environmental factors. Here education can play an important role. People may understand and can change their lifestyle to prevent these diseases. Still, these are also related to the income of the people.
- Animal health, food sources, and supply:
In rural areas, people are generally living with livestock. Cattles are important to them. This livestock is the basic part of the food chain, so the health of the animal that provides the food to humans is important. The environment in which animals grow or live, animal health can affect human health.
Agricultural practices, irrigation, pesticide use, and waste management also influence animal health and cause transmission of disease to every step of the food chain supply system. Therefore the animal product can also play a significant role in disease transmission; they must be included in the global health care program.