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Dimitry Zub
Dimitry Zub

Posted on • Updated on • Originally published at serpapi.com

Scrape DuckDuckGo Inline Images with Python

Contents: intro, imports, what will be scraped, process, code, links, outro.

Intro

This blog post is a continuation of the DuckDuckGo web scraping series. Here you'll see how to scrape Inline Image results using Python with selenium library. An alternative API solution will be shown.

Prerequisites: familiarity with selenium library and regular expressions.

Imports

from selenium import webdriver
import re, urllib.parse
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What will be scraped

image

Process

The process is very much like from other DuckDuckGo blog posts series.

Selecting container, title, link, thumbnail, image URL CSS selectors from which the .get_attribute() method will be used to grab data-id, src, and href attributes.

SelectorGadget Chrome extension was used in the GIF above to select CSS selectors.

Code

from selenium import webdriver
import re, urllib.parse

driver = webdriver.Chrome(executable_path='path/to/chromedriver.exe')
driver.get('https://duckduckgo.com/?q=elon musk dogecoin&kl=us-en&ia=web')

for result in driver.find_elements_by_css_selector('.js-images-link'):
    title = result.find_element_by_css_selector('.js-images-link a img').get_attribute('alt')
    link = result.find_element_by_css_selector('.js-images-link a').get_attribute('href')
    thumbnail_encoded = result.find_element_by_css_selector('.js-images-link a img').get_attribute('src')

    # https://regex101.com/r/4pgG5m/1
    match_thumbnail_urls = ''.join(re.findall(r'https\:\/\/external\-content\.duckduckgo\.com\/iu\/\?u\=(.*)&f=1', thumbnail_encoded))

    # https://www.kite.com/python/answers/how-to-decode-a-utf-8-url-in-python
    thumbnail = urllib.parse.unquote(match_thumbnail_urls).replace('&h=160', '')
    image = result.get_attribute('data-id')

    print(f'{title}\n{link}\n{thumbnail}\n{image}\n')

driver.quit()

--------------------------
'''
Dogecoin (DOGE) Price Crash Below Key Support and Even ...
https://duckduckgo.com/?q=elon%20musk%20dogecoin&iax=images&ia=images&iai=https://cdn.coingape.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/02195033/dogecoin-elon-musk-snl-memes.jpg&kl=us-en
https://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?id=OIF.UGa1KGFCz%2f5axclMfq0k4w&pid=Api
https://cdn.coingape.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/02195033/dogecoin-elon-musk-snl-memes.jpg
...
'''
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Using DuckDuckGo Inline Images API

SerpApi is a paid API with a free plan.

The difference that you'll see immediately is that API provides 30 results, rather than ~8-10 results.

Alternatively, all you have to do is to iterate over structured JSON string without thinking how to scrape data without rendering the page, or how to grab certain elements if they are the ones that hard to get.

import json
from serpapi import GoogleSearch

params = {
  "api_key": "YOUR_API_KEY",
  "engine": "duckduckgo",
  "q": "elon musk dogecoin",
  "kl": "us-en"
}

search = GoogleSearch(params)
results = search.get_dict()

print(json.dumps(results['inline_images'], indent=2, ensure_ascii=False))

----------------------
'''
[
  {
    "position": 1,
    "title": "'Dogefather' Elon Musk Tweets in Support of the ...",
    "link": "https://gadgets.ndtv.com/cryptocurrency/news/elon-musk-dogecoin-price-cryptocurrency-bitcoin-ethereum-ether-twitter-tweet-support-market-gain-2483505",
    "thumbnail": "https://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?id=OIF.ryyLYCT1jVMZDADJDf1LVA&pid=Api",
    "image": "https://i.gadgets360cdn.com/large/elon_musk_reuters_1610084738222.jpg"
  }
...
  {
    "position": 20,
    "title": "Beware! Your love for Elon Musk and Dogecoin may land you ...",
    "link": "http://www.businesstelegraph.co.uk/beware-your-love-for-elon-musk-and-dogecoin-may-land-you-in-a-scam-economic-times/",
    "thumbnail": "https://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?id=OIF.Y4geZY10AJX80AvM8EPCjQ&pid=Api",
    "image": "http://www.businesstelegraph.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/Beware-Your-love-for-Elon-Musk-and-Dogecoin-may-land.jpg"
  }
]
'''
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Links

GithHub GistDuckDuckGo Inline Images API

Outro

If you have any questions or something isn't working correctly or you want to write something else, feel free to drop a comment in the comment section or via Twitter at @serp_api.

Yours,
Dimitry, and the rest of SerpApi Team.

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