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Dimitry Zub
Dimitry Zub

Posted on • Updated on

How to Scrape Google Knowledge Graph with Python

Contents: intro, imports, what will be scraped, process, code, links, outro.

Intro

This blog post is a continuation of Google's web scraping series. This post сontains code example without handling different Knowledge Graph layouts. It scrapes the one you'll see on the screenshot below.

Imports

import requests
import lxml
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
from serpapi import GoogleSearch
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What will be scraped

image

Process

SelectorGadget Chrome extension was used to grab CSS selectors.
The Gif below illustrates the approach of selecting different parts of the knowledge graph.

Code

from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
import requests, lxml

headers = {
    'User-agent':
        "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko)"
        "Chrome/70.0.3538.102 Safari/537.36 Edge/18.19582"
}


def get_knowledge_graph():
    html = requests.get('https://www.google.com/search?q=dell&hl=en', headers=headers)
    soup = BeautifulSoup(html.text, 'lxml')

    title = soup.select_one('#rhs .mfMhoc span').text
    subtitle = soup.select_one('.wwUB2c span').text
    try:
        snippet = soup.select_one('.zsYMMe+ span').text
    except:
        snippet = None

    print(f"{title}\n{subtitle}\n{snippet}\n")

    for result in soup.select(".rVusze"):
        key_element = result.select_one(".w8qArf").text
        if result.select_one(".kno-fv"):
            value_element = result.select_one(".kno-fv").text.replace(": ", "")
        else:
            value_element = None
        key_link = f'https://www.google.com{result.select_one(".w8qArf a")["href"]}'
        try:
            key_value_link = f'https://www.google.com{result.select_one(".kno-fv a")["href"]}'
        except:
            key_value_link = None

        print(f"{key_element}{value_element}\nkey_link: {key_link}\nkey_value_link: {key_value_link}")


get_knowledge_graph()

------------
'''
Dell
Computer company
Dell is an American multinational computer technology company that develops, sells, repairs, and supports computers and related products and services, and is owned by its parent company of Dell Technologies.

Headquarters: Round Rock, Texas, United States
key_link: https://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=dell+headquarters&stick=H4sIAAAAAAAAAOPgE-LQz9U3KKi0TNLSyk620s8vSk_My6xKLMnMz0PhWGWkJqYUliYWlaQWFS9iFUxJzclRQBYDAPbbwDtMAAAA&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjqsaWohsHxAhWO_rsIHYe9ALUQ6BMoADAregQIPRAC
key_value_link: https://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Round+Rock&stick=H4sIAAAAAAAAAOPgE-LQz9U3KKi0TFLiBLEMjfOScrS0spOt9POL0hPzMqsSSzLz81A4VhmpiSmFpYlFJalFxYtYuYLyS_NSFILyk7N3sDICAIJH2ApTAAAA&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjqsaWohsHxAhWO_rsIHYe9ALUQmxMoATAregQIPRAD
...
'''
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Using Google Knowledge Graph API

SerpApi is a paid API with a free trial of 5,000 searches.

from serpapi import GoogleSearch

params = {
    "api_key": "YOUR_API_KEY",
    "engine": "google",
    "q": "dell",
    "hl": "en",
}

search = GoogleSearch(params)
results = search.get_dict()

for key, value in results['knowledge_graph'].items():
  print(f'{key}: {value}')

---------
'''
title: Dell
type: Computer company
image: https://serpapi.com/searches/60df1de78b7ed2c811fc9402/images/5bcb8cde2f058371f30ec817e8e77f6830f7905f186ec931.png
website: http://www.dell.com/
description: Dell is an American multinational computer technology company that develops, sells, repairs, and supports computers and related products and services, and is owned by its parent company of Dell Technologies.
source: {'name': 'Wikipedia', 'link': 'https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell'}
customer_service: 1 (800) 624-9897
customer_service_chat: Online Chat
technical_support: 1 (800) 999-3355
headquarters: Round Rock, TX
parent_organization: Dell Technologies
subsidiaries: Alienware, Dell Corp ltd, Dell EMC, Dell Canada Inc, MORE
profiles: [{'name': 'Twitter', 'link': 'https://twitter.com/Dell', 'image': 'https://serpapi.com/searches/60df1de78b7ed2c811fc9402/images/5bcb8cde2f058371f30ec817e8e77f682bbb185dfebaeedb08588701cca810fb3643f16dd97f5671.png'}, {'name': 'YouTube', 'link': 'https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC01FW5V9UVohbPtqKSmXX-w', 'image': 'https://serpapi.com/searches/60df1de78b7ed2c811fc9402/images/5bcb8cde2f058371f30ec817e8e77f682bbb185dfebaeedbeb7382739a1a71fe73f0268752fdc2f4.png'}, {'name': 'Facebook', 'link': 'https://www.facebook.com/Dell', 'image': 'https://serpapi.com/searches/60df1de78b7ed2c811fc9402/images/5bcb8cde2f058371f30ec817e8e77f682bbb185dfebaeedb98264af15d9b5f8cde97aa47652da0e9.png'}, {'name': 'Instagram', 'link': 'https://www.instagram.com/dell', 'image': 'https://serpapi.com/searches/60df1de78b7ed2c811fc9402/images/5bcb8cde2f058371f30ec817e8e77f682bbb185dfebaeedba26760f1c6e7e705304a8fc921a9f0c2.png'}]
people_also_search_for: [{'name': 'Main Line Information Systems', 'extensions': ['Computer store'], 'link': 'https://www.google.com#', 'image': 'https://serpapi.com/searches/60df1de78b7ed2c811fc9402/images/5bcb8cde2f058371f30ec817e8e77f682da45e72c1616e2c8b7a6946cc49a64ca785965e5c02954e7ef17cfffc507685.png'}]
people_also_search_for_link: https://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Dell&stick=H4sIAAAAAAAAAONgFuLQz9U3KKi0TFKCs7RkspOt9JNKizPzUouL9TOLi0tTi6yKM1NSyxMrixexsrik5uTsYGUEACBytqo-AAAA&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwi478nwx8TxAhVXSzABHTmeBssQMSgAMEF6BAhLEAE
people_also_search_for_stick: H4sIAAAAAAAAAONgFuLQz9U3KKi0TFKCs7RkspOt9JNKizPzUouL9TOLi0tTi6yKM1NSyxMrixexsrik5uTsYGUEACBytqo-AAAA
'''
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Links

Code in the online IDEGoogle Knowledge Graph API

Outro

If you have any questions or something isn't working correctly or you want to write something else, feel free to drop a comment in the comment section or via Twitter at @serp_api.

Yours,
Dimitry, and the rest of SerpApi Team.

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