loading...
Cover image for Vanilla JavaScript String to Number

Vanilla JavaScript String to Number

dailydevtips1 profile image Chris Bongers Originally published at daily-dev-tips.com ・2 min read

Sometimes we want to convert a number to a string; in my latest code piece, there was a limit set on a data attribute. This comes true as a string, so how do we convert this to a number in JavaScript?

In this case, there is not one but three valid and supported methods of converting our string to a number.

  • Number
  • parseInt
  • parseFloat

JavaScript Number Method

Number is a generic way of converting. It's actually the more stricter check here are some examples with outputs:

<!-- Number -->
console.log(Number(`1337`)); // 1337
console.log(Number(`13.37`)); // 13.37
console.log(Number(`13leet37`)); // NaN
console.log(Number(`13,37`)); // NaN

As you can see it works on actual numbers, but as soon as we use other characters or a comma it won't work.

JavaScript ParseInt Method

ParseInt converts our string into an integer non rounded.
It has two arguments, the input and the radix which is the base number. For us the default is 10

<!-- ParseInt -->
var text1 = '1337';
var text2 = '13.37';
var text3 = '13leet37';
var text4 = '13,37';
console.log(parseInt(text1, 10)); // 1337
console.log(parseInt(text2, 10)); // 13
console.log(parseInt(text3, 10)); // 13
console.log(parseInt(text4, 10)); // 13

The downside can be it's rounding everything, so let's look at ParseFloat.

JavaScript ParseFloat Method

As mentioned the parseFloat is used to return stuff with decimals.

<!-- ParseFloat -->
var text1 = '1337';
var text2 = '13.37';
var text3 = '13.3leet37';
var text4 = '13,37';
console.log(parseFloat(text1, 10)); // 13.37
console.log(parseFloat(text2, 10)); // 13
console.log(parseFloat(text3, 10)); // 13.3
console.log(parseFloat(text4, 10)); // 13

Very cool method!

See all these in action on Codepen.

See the Pen Vanilla JavaScript String to Number by Chris Bongers (@rebelchris) on CodePen.

Alt Text

Thank you for reading, and let's connect!

Thank you for reading my blog. Feel free to subscribe to my email newsletter and connect on Facebook or Twitter

Posted on by:

dailydevtips1 profile

Chris Bongers

@dailydevtips1

I write daily web development tips that help you become a more efficient developer. πŸ‘¨β€πŸ’»βš‘οΈ

Discussion

markdown guide
 
 

Keep in mind that this also works for hexadecimal.

console.log(+"0xF"); // 15
console.log(+"321"); // 321

And so does ~~

console.log(~~"0xF"); // 15
console.log(~~"321"); // 321
 

I Actually didn't know about the ~~ What is it called?

it's the NOT bitwise operator. It changes the 1 by 0 and 0 by 1. In that example, he is doing it twice.

~ 5 => ~0101 => 1010
~~5 => ~(~0101) => ~(1010) => 0101 => 5

w3schools.com/js/js_operators.asp

 
 

I do realize all methods, but never notice that parseFloat trims, but Number return NaN.

 

Yes, Number is very strict the string can only contain actual numbers!

 

Worth knowing that this depends on the user's browser locale. 13,37 is a valid number in French and German, whereas 13.37 is not.

 

You are right, there is the option to use locales on strings and numbers before. but your right good to keep this in mind!

 

Keep posting daily tips, i love to read and learning it
I use parsefloat to parsing bitcoin balance from rpc in my current project

 

Awesome, thanks man! Glad people find them amazing 🀟

 
 

I just saw above, actually didn't know that option 🀯