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Starting a Django Application

chrisdevcode profile image ChrisAchinga Updated on ・2 min read

I'm going to write a step by step guide for starting a Django project and after that, I'm making this a Django-Starter template, because I always hate the long setup processes that are repetitive.

NOTE: I use Ubuntu for my development, some of the commands might not work on windows/mac but there is always an alternative (Google It!).

Requirements

  1. Python 3+ (I'll be using 3.8.2)
  2. Virtualenv (install) (I'll use this as my environment)
  3. Pip (I'll be using pip3)

Setting Up The Development Environment

First of all, I'm going to set up a virtual environment using virtualenv

To create the workspace folder, I'll use the command below:

 virtualenv django-template
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Change your directory to the workspace folder:

cd django-template
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You'll notice some folders created and a pyvenv.cfg file created but we won't need it at all.

Activate the virtual environment

source bin/activate
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Installing Django

I'm going to use the latest official version (3.0.8), using the simple command below:

pip3 install django
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Confirm if it's installed by checking the version

python3 -m django --version
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Creating A Django Project

Starting a Django project

django-admin startproject _projectroot
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After that, change your working directory to _projectroot/ to avoid confusion with the virtualenv folders.

cd _projectroot
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This will create the following directories:

├── manage.py
└── template
    ├── asgi.py
    ├── __init__.py
    ├── settings.py
    ├── urls.py
    └── wsgi.py

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Learn what each file does here

Start the development server

python3 manage.py runserver
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Upon running the command, the server will run on port 8000 by default (http://127.0.0.1:8000/)

Changing the port is easier:
python3 manage.py runserver 8080

A message like the one below shows up but don't stress out.

You have 17 unapplied migration(s). Your project may not
work properly until you apply the migrations for app(s):
admin, auth, contenttypes, sessions.
Run 'python manage.py migrate' to apply them.
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Creating A Django App

Let's create a Django app

(Note that there is a difference between a project and an app. An app is like the building blocks of a project.)

python3 manage.py startapp myapp

a new directory called "polls" will be created:

myapp/
    migrations/
        __init__.py
    __init__.py
    admin.py
    apps.py
    models.py
    tests.py
    views.py
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Now that forms the skeleton of a simple Django application. I will explain what each file does in the next article.

The Project files can be found on GitHub

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