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Pramit Marattha for Aviyel Inc

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How is serverless computing going to change the cloud landscape?

Introduction

Serverless computing is a relatively new concept in cloud computing. It's been around for less than a decade, but it's already making waves in the world of Information Technology. And it doesn't look like things are going to settle down anytime soon! Serverless computing means that developers can create applications without having to worry about managing infrastructure, which makes it perfect for projects that require more flexibility than traditional cloud options provide.

What is serverless computing?

Serverless computing is a cloud computing model that enables developers to build and run applications and services without having to worry about the underlying infrastructure. Unlike traditional virtual machines, serverless computing allows the developer to simply focus on their code and not have to worry about provisioning servers or maintaining them once they are in production. In this context, serverless refers to the fact that when you deploy your application it still gets loaded onto a computer somewhere but you do not need to think about how it will be running—you just write your code! The infrastructure is managed at least partially by an external service provider which means that they take care of scaling up or down based on the demand.

Serverless Meme

Definition, Serverless architecture and serverless computing explained

If you are building a service or website which requires a backend, as in not a static site, there are only two choices you can choose from. You can either build your own server and operate it yourself or use someone else's servers and go through an API to communicate with it.

Serverless architecture is an emerging technology in web services. While it existed prior to 2013, Amazon popularized the term serverless computing with AWS Lambda, their implementation of functions as a service (FaaS). Serverless architecture is an application type where software and its associated infrastructure are provided as a fully managed service, meaning that others provision and scale the “servers” used in running such applications.

Serverless computing is a cloud computing paradigm in which the cloud provider fully manages the operating system, storage, and network infrastructure that runs the application. It differs from other forms of cloud computing in that it does not use virtual machines (VM), but instead uses containers or functions. Serverless computing is not a new concept; it's been around since before AWS Lambda was released. However, recently this technology has seen an increase in interest: according to Stack Overflow surveys, serverless technologies have risen to become one of their most popular developer tools today.

Serverless architecture/computing allows you to build and run applications without having to worry about servers or infrastructure management by using pre-built services called functions. You can think of these functions as small units within your app that perform certain tasks when triggered by events like user actions or requests from apps.

The future of serverless computing

How will serverless computing evolve in the future? It's hard to predict it, but here are a couple of things we do know: First, it'll only add more complexity to cloud infrastructure and give developers even more options for building applications. Secondly—and perhaps more significantly—the new standard will likely cause developers to change the way they interact with their backend services, as well as provide them with new ways of accessing data that is stored in the cloud. Third, this change will take time to implement—there are still many challenges that need to be addressed before consumers and businesses adopt serverless computing. However, with all of these possibilities ahead of us—and considering how fast technology has been evolving lately—it's impossible not to think about what could happen next.

Serverless computing is growing fast..

Serverless computing—which is also known as fixed resource allocation computing—is a relatively new technology that has been gaining ground in recent years. As previously stated, serverless computing is a critical component of next-generation cloud infrastructure. The ability to run applications without having to worry about the underlying hardware or software may have driven this adoption and is likely here stay for a while.

Although many people still associate serverless computing with AWS Lambda, there are other services that also allow you to build applications without thinking about servers: Google Cloud Functions and Azure Functions both offer similar functionality.

There are even companies, like Metacall—which is fully open source and make it easy for developers to add serverless capabilities on top of existing application architectures (e.g.,Node.js, Python , Ruby, C#, and more)

Metacall

Why do we need it? Advantages

Serverless computing is a cloud-based architecture that allows developers to build and run applications without worrying about the underlying infrastructure. Serverless offers several benefits including:

  • Cost savings: Serverless architectures provide significant cost savings, especially for small and medium businesses. The cost for a serverless architecture is based on the consumption of resources, and it's very easy to scale up or down your application as needed without any effort. In fact, you can even save money by using serverless architecture because it eliminates the need for infrastructure management.
  • Better performance: Serverless architectures are highly scalable, and they provide better performance since they're optimized for speed, not efficiency. This means that your application will respond much faster than if you were using traditional managed hosting solutions such as virtual machines or containers.
  • Flexibility: Serverless architectures are highly flexible because you can choose exactly when and how much computing power your application needs at any given time. You can also change how much computing power is required without affecting other parts of your application or its users because each function runs in isolation from all others.
  • Reliable: Serverless architectures are built on top of services from third-party vendors that take care of availability and reliability for you.
  • Lightweight: Serverless architecture is lightweight because you only pay for the resources that you use. It also means that you don’t have to maintain servers or scale them when the load increases.

Bare metal vs. Virtualization vs. Containerization vs. Serverless Computing

In this section, we'll take a look at each of these options and compare their pros and cons.

  • Bare metal: This is the most bare-bones of all the options. It doesn’t require any virtualization layer, which means there is no overhead from multiple layers or operating systems between your software and the hardware itself. You also don't need to worry about performing upgrades on your servers or ensuring that they are properly patched with security updates—everything runs directly on top of physical hardware.
  • Virtualization: Virtualization puts another layer between your application code and its underlying operating system, but it still requires some kind of server or computer to run software on, whether that's a dedicated machine in a cloud data center or an individual computer on someone's desk at home (or both!).
  • Containers: In contrast with virtual machines (VMs), containers isolate processes within their own operating system so they cannot access other parts of the system outside their container — even though they might be running within the same physical machine as other containers! This makes them easier than VMs since there's less overhead involved when creating new containers vs starting up new VMs.
  • Serverless Computing: Serverless computing is a new category of cloud computing that allows developers to build and run applications and services without thinking about servers. It’s the natural evolution of Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), which abstracted physical machines from application developers. With serverless, the resources are virtualized by the provider and managed in an automated way. The idea behind serverless computing is that you write your code (in any language or framework) and run it on a platform that handles scaling availability, and other challenges associated with running production workloads. You pay only for the resources consumed during execution, rather than having to pay for idle time or unused capacity

Serverless computing is going to be very cheap..

Unlike traditional cloud computing, serverless applications don't require you to buy or manage servers manually. The application vendor provides the necessary resources and scales the application automatically as needed. You don't have to worry about provisioning or managing capacity—it's all handled by the vendor.

Serverless computing can be used for any number of applications, including APIs and web services that need to respond to requests quickly. But it isn't just for developers anymore—businesses are starting to realize its benefits as well.

The biggest benefit of serverless computing is that it drastically reduces your operating costs by eliminating infrastructure management entirely. It also makes it much easier to make changes in your application because you aren't dependent on configuration files and other tools that require manual updates when you want to make changes in your code base.

The development process will become snappier and more efficient.

The development process will become snappier and more efficient. When you’re not running your own servers, you don’t have to worry about scaling or managing them. If a server has a problem and goes down, it can be brought back up quickly without affecting other parts of the system. The developer is freed from some of the technical overhead that comes with managing these machines by themselves.

Disadvantages of Serverless Computing

Disadvantages of using Serverless Computing:

  • Security risks. One of the biggest risks with serverless computing is that it is relatively new and not mature. This means that there are still some security concerns with serverless computing, especially when it comes to authentication. With traditional cloud computing, you can use a variety of tools like Kerberos or OAuth to authenticate a user's identity and ensure they're who they say they are before giving access to sensitive data or resources. In the case of serverless computing, however, authentication becomes much more challenging because there's no central identity provider that controls all login requests throughout the entire stack. Hence, there's a chance that your cloud provider could be hacked and their data might get stolen — not something you'd have to worry about with your own hardware.
  • Response time. Your serverless application will need to wait for each function call to finish before returning a response back—to the client. The number of functions being used, the number of users using the application, and the number of data sources being accessed are all contributing factors to response time in a serverless architecture. A lot of people think that as long as they use one function, their response time will be fine. But if you have 10 functions, each one needs its own machine—which means on average your machine count has gone up by 10 times (for every function added). The same applies to the user base: if you have 100 users accessing your app in parallel instead of 10 users accessing it sequentially—you've doubled your infrastructure costs and time again! This can lead to poor user experiences if not handled correctly by developers and architects who understand how these services work under pressure from lots of users trying simultaneously to access their apps using different devices. With these considerations in mind, it's easy to see why some companies might consider adopting serverless architectures only when they're serving huge amounts of traffic or high volume through their APIs/APIs.
  • New ways of writing code?: With serverless computing, you don't have to write complex, multi-threaded code for all your tasks. Instead, you write simple functions that are triggered by events. This means that you need to think about how your application will be broken down into smaller chunks of logic. You also need to make sure that these chunks can be called independently from each other without interfering with each other's execution.
  • Additional Tooling: Serverless computing is still relatively new and there aren't many tools available yet to help developers get started with it easily. This means that in order to take advantage of serverless computing, you first need to learn how to use new tools like AWS Lambda, Azure Functions, Google cloud functions, or even Metacall and then start developing your application using these tools instead of traditional programming languages. Moreover, since these tools are still evolving at a fast pace, there are bound to be many bugs and issues which will require constant monitoring and maintenance while developing an application using this technology stack.

Will serverless computing will become more common as cloud services increase?

Serverless computing will become more common as cloud services increase. Cloud computing is being used by more people than ever before, and it's only going to get more popular as time goes on. Cloud computing makes sense in some cases, but not all of them. In order for cloud implementation to work well, you need an understanding of the technology behind it so that you can make wise decisions about which workloads are best suited for it. Just like how we use our developers' skillsets selectively based on their expertise levels and areas of interest/experience (and depending on whether they're working with us or someone else), so too should we treat this new technology as something that has its own pros and cons—not just because everyone else has adopted it doesn't mean there's no room for improvement!

While serverless computing is still in its early stages of adoption, it's likely that this trend will pick up steam as cloud-based services become increasingly popular—just like how cell phones transformed from clunky devices into sleek gadgets capable of doing many things.

Conclusion

Serverless computing is going to change the cloud landscape in a number of ways. It will make application deployment and management easier, it will allow applications to scale more quickly and efficiently than before, and it will enable developers to focus on what they do best—building great software! The fact of the matter is that serverless computing has already taken hold, even if its use is still limited at this time. But once it becomes more widely adopted by companies seeking to migrate to the cloud, there will be a large number of serverless services available for developers and business users to choose from. The implications are dramatic, and we are still watching them unfold. But one takeaway from this is that the cloud universe is very different than the world we live in today and that it's going to keep changing in ways no one can predict—and yet there are things we can do now to prepare ourselves for future changes.

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