For creating GUI in python we have multiple choices like tkinter ,WXPython, Kivy and PyQt5 , a cross platform very famous library for creating Graphical User Interfaces as well as cross-platform applications, in this tutorial we will use it for creating GUIs.
For Windows :
pip install PyQt5
For Linux & MacOS:
pip3 install PyQt5
In this tutorial we will make a simple app showing "Hello World!" after pressing a button, so let's start.
# importing the required libraries from PyQt5.QtWidgets import * import sys class Window(QMainWindow): def __init__(self): super().__init__() # set the title self.setWindowTitle("Hello World!") # set the geometry self.setGeometry(0, 0, 300, 300) # create label widget # to display content on screen self.label = QLabel("Hello World !!", self) # show all the widgets self.show() # create pyqt5 app App = QApplication(sys.argv) # create the instance of our Window window = Window() # start the app sys.exit(App.exec())
First of all we have created the Window class which inherits QMainWindow class. Within this class we can add widgets which will get displayed on main window, in the next step we have used setWindowTiltle method to set title for our window, setGeometry method to set size and position of the window and , QLabel for displaying message in the window and the show method for showing all the widgets.
The QApplication class manages the GUI application’s control flow and main settings. It specializes in the QGuiApplication with some functionality needed for QWidget based applications. It handles widget specific initialization, finalization. For any GUI application using Qt, there is precisely one QApplication object, no matter whether the application has 0, 1, 2, or more windows at any given time.