Web development refers to the act of building and maintaining websites; these websites can range in complexity from simple static websites to more complex web applications with huge databases, real-time data-intensive applications such as social media and eCommerce applications.
Back-end developers designs the application APIs and databases schemas and implements the business logic. Backend developers were originally referred to as developers back in the days when front-end development was considered to be trivial work. Backend developers can employ a wide range of languages to achieve their needs. A backend developer would be skilled in languages such as PHP, Java, Python, ASP.net, Ruby, etc.
Full-stack developers are developers who has both front-end and back-end development skills.
Regardless of the area of specialisation, good developers follow the boy/girl scout rule: always leave the code better than you found it. And they achieve this by using tools that enhance productivity, improve code quality, foster collaboration, and manage technical debt.
Web development is a highly paid skill that is currently in great demand.With the advent of Covid, many businesses and services are moving online; thereby, increasing the need for web developers.
Consequently, now is the best time to learn web development—let's look at the websites and online platforms to learn software development!
Learning web development is a journey and for this, you would need a road map. One of the biggest challenges faced by new developers when learning web development is not knowing where to start, what to learn, or the path to achieve their goals.
Roadmap.sh is a community effort to create roadmaps, guides, and other educational content to help guide the developers in picking up the path and guide their learnings.
Read map provides downloadable visual guides containing topics, tools, languages, and all the required niceties to guide a noob developer in his journey to web development mastery.
Freecode camp is an extensive open-source online coding Bootcamp that offers free training and certification on a wide range of web development skills. Some of the certifications offered by Freecodecamp are Web design, front-end development, Data Visualization, Back-end development & API, Machine Learning, Quality Assurance, Data Analysis, Information Security, and more.
With about 40,000 freeCodeCamp.org graduates, working in big techs all over the world, Freecodecamp is the most comprehensive and extensive online training platform on this list. And its courses are all free.
It offers free beginner-level training on some programming languages. Also, it features some well-structured paid pro courses; tailored towards a career path.
Software development is not just about shipping features, but also maintaining a healthy codebase and managing technical debt.
On average, engineers spend 1 day/week on technical debt and maintenance issues. Moreover, technical debt decreases team morale, and causes frustration in the Engineering teams and has a huge monetary cost. The Stepsize team writes the Managing technical debt blog where you will find the best resources to learn how to deal with tech debt:
Engineers Guide to Technical Debt
Learn the definition of technical debt and how to define it software engineering.
Webinar: How to deal with tech debt
Learn technical debt best practices and lessons learned from 200+ engineering teams.
Tools to Track and Manage Technical Debt
Find the best tools to manage technical debt for your team.
Scrimba is a revolutionary online learning platform that teaches web development with an interactive screencast and live events. It features both free and paid low-cost quality courses.
You can learn more about Scrimba by practicing with this interactive screencast.
Codepen’s creations are called pens which can either be public or private --- available only on paid plans.
According to the website, Codepen challenges are fun opportunities for leveling up your skills by building things. Each week, you’ll get a new prompt surrounding a monthly theme to riff on. The best Pens get picked and featured on the homepage!
Similar to Freecodecamp, the Odin Project is an open-source online learning platform. It features a full-stack curriculum that would guide your path in your journey to web development mastery.
The Odin Project training has three paths:
- Foundation --- where you learn the basics of web development.
- Full-stack Ruby on Rails --- full-stack web development with Ruby on Rails back-end
These are great online learning resources that feature HTML and CSS references from the creator of Bulma CSS.
Here is another online learning platform that levels up your web development skills through challenges. Frontend Mentor features challenges of different difficulty levels: newbie, junior, intermediate and advanced. It is a fun and well-thought-out way to learn web development, and not only does it give challenges, but it also provides Figma design files and optimised image assets.
Dev Challenges features a large collection of resources and a great community that helps you solidify your web development skills and grow your confidence by working on different projects called challenges.
It is easy to get started with Dev Challenges. All you have to do is pick a challenge, build the project alone or with a team, and submit your solution.
In addition, MDN features a learning area focused on teaching the basics of web development. The MDN learning area provides articles on a broad range of web technologies such as HTML, CSS, Git & Github, React, Ember, Angular, Vue, Django, and more. If you are a beginner who loves to read, this is a good place to start your web development journey.
Code Mentor provides a great way to level up your web development skill by engaging you with real-life projects. You can also view the solutions of these projects to learn from other people's codes.
Also, Code Mentor offers a thriving community of over 12,000 developers, where you can discuss projects, find peers or one-on-one mentors.
Coding Dojo is a great online learning platform that helps you improve your skill through its online coding platform, coding challenges, walk-through videos, and assessment.
CSS battle takes a different approach to learning. CSS battle aims to build up your CSS skills through CSS games referred to as battles. Each battle gives you a target that is a styled object that you are to replicate with the smallest CSS code possible.
It is a great way to flex your CSS muscles and grow your CSS skills.
Codier is another challenge-based learning platform. Codier helps you grow your front-end web development skill by taking on their front-end challenges.
According to the website, "Can I use" provides up-to-date browser support tables for support of front-end web technologies on desktop and mobile web browsers.
“Can I use” lets you check the browser compatibility of different CSS features. Also, in partnership with BrowserStack, it lets you test your website for compatibility across 2,000+ real browsers and devices.
“Can I use” is a great platform that is useful for developers of all skill levels. And it even allows you to submit a feature if it is not found on the platform.
CSS Tricks is a website that provides awesome CSS tricks that are useful for developers of all skill levels.
Beyond this, it features a great collection of articles, guides, videos on different aspects of front-end web development.
30 Seconds of Code is an online programming cookbook that provides short code snippets for different programming languages.
30 Seconds of Code may best serve the needs of intermediate and advanced developers. It provides short code snippets and explanations for common programming problems. Thus it is a great place to learn about the design patterns used to solve these problems.
In this article, we have learned about web development and different 20 online learning platforms to learn web development.
Also, these platforms employ different teaching methods, such as challenges, games, online references and cookbooks, videos, and more.
Choose the method that works best for you, enjoy the process of learning, and remember that writing good quality code not only leads to higher quality software, but also to greater team and personal satisfaction.