Hi Jorge, thanks for posting! Whew. There's a lot going in this piece. I wasn't unfortunately able to link almost any of things raised in this article to the title. I'll go through a couple:
What Laravel calls a model is in fact a very standard name in almost all frameworks that advertise themselves as MVC architecture frameworks. The pattern used here is called Active Record. See for example Django, FuelPHP, PropelORM, CakePHP, Ruby on Rails etc.
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