While storing data in our programming the first thing what comes in mind of a programmer is array. Arrays are one dimensional as well as multi-dimensional (2D arrays …..) so arrays are best for storing data but there is a limit for arrays to store data and the programmer needs to specify size of array before storing data at time of creation of array.
Here to solve this huge problem, we use vectors. Vectors allow us to store unlimited amount of data (until our ram capacity is free). Vectors are helpful because they keep updating on storage of data and keep increasing their size. We can say that vectors manage their size themselves.
Vector is a part of STL(standard template library) which may also be called dynamic arrays.
In order to create an empty vector, first of all you need to include header file named vector. You can include that as follows:
Then in the function where you want to use vector, you can create is by specifying datatype of vector and vector name as follows:
The data type can be int , double, string or char and for vector name all rules for variable naming apply.
So here is a C++ program to create an empty vector of integers.
include //Include input output stream
include //Including vector header file which allows us to use vectors
using namespace std; //using standard namespace
Now the vector is created. If you want to add the data in vector you can do this by using function push_back(data). So in the vector we created we will add some values.
using namespace std;
The above code will create vector and will add 5, 10 and 2 in the vector. Consider it an array where we have first element at index 0 , second at index 1 and so on.
So we have 5 at index 0 , 10 at index 1 and 2 at index 2;
In order to access data from vector, we can do it like we do in array.
using namespace std;
cout< cout< return 0;
Like this we can create and use a vector in C++.
In order to study more about vectors you can check 8thesource for more such topics
Top comments (1)
This shouldn't be tagged
#cwhich is for C, not C++. This should be tagged
Please learn to use Markdown, specifically code fences for formatting code so it's more readable.
Lastly, your code also won't even compile. You don't include the header for
vectoris a template class and you're missing the template types. You also misspell
Vectoronce. Case matters.